After last being seen by a fisherman on it’s home island of isolated Bramble Cay – a tiny Torres Strait vegetated coral cay located at the northern tip of the Great Barrier Reef in Papua New Guinea, off the North Eastern tip of Australia – the Bramble Cay Melomys (also known as the Bramble Cay mosaic-tailed rat), a species endemic to the island was declared extinct by the Queensland Government and University of Queensland researchers in 2016. In May 2015 it had been formally declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Australian government delivered the final hammer blow in February 2019 by officially declaring the litte rat extinct.
How did this happen?
The ‘little brown rat’s’ habitat was on a five-hectare island less than three metres high which left it vulnerable to climate change.
What has this to do with your Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)?
Considered the only mammal endemic to the Reef, the extinction of the Bramble Cay Melomys is being described as the first extinction of a mammal species due to anthropogenic climate change.
Anthropogenic climate change?
The term “climate change”