The murder rate is used internationally as a measure of overall rates of violence.
Based on murder rates‚ the two most violent cities in South Africa are Cape Town and Nelson Mandela Bay‚ both of which have high levels of gang crimes‚ followed by Buffalo City.
Buffalo City and Mangaung lead the cities for assaults and sexual offences but have relatively low robbery rates‚ unlike Cape Town‚ which has the highest rates for robbery and property related crimes.
Robbery is also an issue for Johannesburg‚ Nelson Mandela Bay and Ekurhuleni‚ whereas Msunduzi and Mangaung have the two lowest robbery rates of the cities.
Between 2005/06 and 2015/16‚ Nelson Mandela Bay went from having the third-lowest rate to having the second-highest rate of robberies at residential premises.
Over the 11 years‚ only Buffalo City remained below the national rate.
Until 2011/12‚ Cape Town remained below the national rate but since then has seen its rate steadily climb to just behind that of Nelson Mandela Bay in 2015/16.
Robberies at residential premises in Msunduzi Local Municipality remained fairly even throughout the period‚ at or below the national rate since 2007/08.