Image from page 1015 of “The international geography” (1916)
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Title: The international geography
Year: 1916 (1910s)
Authors: Mill, Hugh Robert, 1861-1950
Publisher: New York : D. Appleton
Contributing Library: University of Connecticut Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Connecticut Libraries
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Text Appearing Before Image:
the Gem of the Karroo. NearCape Town, a side branch runs to Malmesbury, the wheat district; and inthe north-west a small line serves the copper mines of Namaqualand(Fig. 437). Other lines, now being made, will connect the east with thewest. Much of the trade of the colony, and of the shipping at Cape Town, is,in normal times, concerned with the transport of material to the Transvaalaiid the export of gold from the mines. •Divisions and Towns.—The political divisions of Cape Colony arenot of rxmch importance as such, but the broad distinction between Eastand West is more than merely nominal. The stream of English immigra-tion, finding theWest already occupied, was diverted chiefly to the East, thuslargely altering the balance of nationahties. From time to time, indeed,there has been much agitation in the East for separation, but the feelingof cornmon interesthas up till now carried the day, and in spite of alittle naluratl jealousythe claim of Cape Town to remain the capital of the
Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. 471.—r/ie Site of Cape Town. 992 The International Geography whole country is everywhere admitted. In population, Cape Town main-tains its historical lead, being equal in this respect to the next three townstogether, namely, Kimberley, Port Elizabeth and Grahamstown. Besides being the seat of government, it Tfagoigp? jiat -1^ -i^^^ r^:i1 has the advantage of unrivalled residential charms in its suburbs ;its situation at the foot of TableMountain, flanked by the DevilsPeak on one side and the LionMountain on the other, entit-ling it to rank among the mostbeautifully placed cities in theworld. Its population is verydiversified; Dutch as well asEnglish is freely spoken amongthe European inhabitants, andbesides types of all the blackraces there are some ten thou-sand Malays, descendants of Asiatics originally imported as coolies. Kimberley, founded as a mining camp in 1870, depends for its impor-tance entirely on the diamond mines. Its site was originally of the mostunpromising kin
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