1413: Henry V was crowned in Westminster Abbey, aged 25.
1710: The Copyright Act came into effect, recognising the rights of authors for the first time.
1820: The first British settlers arrived in South Africa, at Algoa Bay near Port Elizabeth.
1829: Parliament passed the Catholic Emancipation Bill.
1832: French law excluded families of Charles X and Napoleon from the country.
1849: The safety pin was patented after American inventor Walter Hunt had made it in only three hours – selling the rights in order to pay off a $15 debt.
1858: Big Ben, the bell in the Westminster clock tower, was cast. Weighing 13.5 tons, it was named after Sir Benjamin Hall, the commissioner of works, a large man known as “Big Ben”.
1917: Vimy Ridge, in Northern France, was taken by Canadian forces with heavy losses in an assault during the Battle of Arras.
1925: F Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby was published.
1945: American troops liberated Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany.
1955: David Blakely, 24, a racing driver, was shot dead outside a pub in London by Ruth Ellis. She was later hanged for the crime.
1960: The American Civil Rights Bill was passed by US Senate.
1986: United States conducted nuclear test in Nevada desert in spite of growing protests among peace groups and strong Soviet campaign for nuclear test ban.
1988: Sandy Lyle became first British golfer to win the Masters at Augusta in the United States.
1992: Three people died and 90 were injured when an IRA bomb went off in the