An inquisitive 11-year-old got his science questions answered when HuffPost Live introduced him to a researcher who offered some insight into horseshoe crabs and evolution.
The budding science enthusiast is Eli, who lives on Martha’s Vineyard, Mass., and found a bit of Internet fame after this YouTube video went viral. He recently visited the beach and returned home with a few inquiries about a horseshoe crab he saw in the surf. Host Josh Zepps gave Eli the chance to pose his questions to Dr. Hans Thewissen, a professor of anatomy at Northeast Ohio Medical University in Rootstown.
“There was a large, very big horseshoe crab that washed up on the beach and it was still alive and everything,” Eli said. “It got me thinking, because of course horseshoe crabs are pretty much living fossils. They’ve lived so much longer than humans … and they haven’t changed virtually at all. So how does that happen?”
Thewissen explained that the horseshoe crab is indeed an incredibly old species, with the oldest fossils for the creature dating back 30 million years. But why have they evolved so little over that vast expanse of time?
In the video above, you can see Eli get his answer.
Check out the full conversation between Eli and anatomy professor Hans Thewissen at HuffPost Live HERE.
Also on HuffPost:
The rhinoceros beetle (pictured) can push around 850 times its weight.
Largest Invertebrate (Land)
The coconut crab weighs about 6.6 pounds and its legs can span up to two and a half feet
Liz Hall from the Melbourne Aquarium inspects Coconut Crab as he takes possesion of a coconut in Melbourne, 19 December 2006. They Coconut crab (also known as the Robber Crab) are the largest living crab in the world and can climb coconut trees to harvest coconuts which they can break with their huge nippers and have been gruesomely know to feed on injured or unconcious people in the bush. (William West, AFP / Getty Images)
The giant squid is the world’s largest invertebrate, and the largest ever measured was 59 feet long. Giant squids also have the largest eyes of any animal, each one about the size of a human head.
The etruscan shrew is the smallest mammal (by weight) in the world. The smallest animal by skull size is the bumblebee bat.
Most Venomous Animal
The sea wasp jellyfish (pictured) has enough venom to kill 60 adult humans.
Photo: a href=”http://www.flickr.com/people/65578066@N00″ target=”_hplink”Guido Gautsch/Flickr/a
Arctic terns migrate about 11,000 miles to the Antarctic each year…and then come all the way back!
An Arctic Tern dives down to protect its nest on June 24, 2011 on Inner Farne, England. (Dan Kitwood, Getty Images)
Blue whales‘ low-frequency pulses can be heard over 500 miles way. At 188 decibels, these sounds are louder than a jet engine.
In this picture taken on March 26, 2009, shows a blue whale swimming in the deep waters off the southern Sri Lankan town of Mirissa. (Ishara S. Kodikara, AFP / Getty Images)
World’s Most Extreme Animals
North African ostriches run up to 45 miles an hour, making them the fastest land bird. They are also the biggest, weighing up to 345 pounds.
An african ostrich eats at the Addo National Elephant Park, north of Port Elizabeth, on June 24, 2010. South Africa is hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup. (Patrick Hertzog, AFP / Getty Images)
Peregrine falcons dive toward their prey at over 200 mph.
A young male Peregrine Falcon eats meat taken from the protective glove of Taronga Zoo bird trainer Erin Stone (unseen) following a short flying lesson in Sydney on December 9, 2009. (Greg Wood, AFP / Getty Images)
Sailfish can swim at speeds of up to 68 mph, although experts disagree as to just which species of sailfish is the fastest.
Sailfish jumping out of the water on January 16, 2006 in the Florida Keys, Florida. (Ronald C. Modra, Sports Imagery / Getty Images)
Cheetahs can run at speeds up to 70 mph.
Majani, a 2-year-old male African cheetah, exhibits lighting speed Friday, March 19, 2004 while chasing a mechanical rabbit at the San Diego Zoo’s Wild Animal Park as part of the Park’s environmental enrichment program. (Ken Bohn, San Diego Zoo / AP)
Three giant tortoises are estimated to have lived over 175 years, with one estimated at a whopping 255 years.
Image: Harriet, who died in 2006, was thought to be the third longest-lived tortoise on record.
a href=”http://www.flickr.com/photos/doctorow/123660557/” target=”_hplink”Cory Doctorow/Creative Commons/a
World’s Most Extreme Animals
African elephants are the heaviest and second tallest land animals. Large males can exceed 13,000 pounds and are 12 feet tall at the shoulder.
This photo made on February 10, 2011 shows an elephant in Tsavo west national park, some 350 kilometres southeast of Nairobi. (Tony Karumba, AFP / Getty Images)